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PLANTS

• Plants of natural origin inevitably congregate:
1) on sites that can provide the soil, water, and climate necessary for them to thrive
2) among other plants that contribute to and/or do not threaten their existence.

• Consequently, a different group of plants will occur naturally in each area that differs in soil type and fertility, water availability, and climate.

• These groups, or plant associations and the smaller plant communities responding to variations within them define the natural botanical identity of each place on the planet.

• And though they are naturally consistent within their core, their perimeters merge, resulting in the seamless tapestry of richness and diversity that Nature is.

• The Gulfcoast barrier islands plant list is divided into two broad plant associations, the Coastal Uplands and the Saline Wetlands. Each consists of two distinguishable plant communities that are the sections of this list. Though not discernable from the list, plants belonging to one community will in some locations self-divide themselves further into a succession of separate micro-commmunities, particularly between the shoreline and mid-island or between the drier high lands and lower flood-prone areas:

•  SLIDE SHOW OF BARRIER ISLAND PLANTS AND LANDSCAPES  •

PLANT LISTS

1 •  COASTAL UPLANDS: Beaches and Dunes

2 •  COASTAL UPLANDS: Maritime Forest (land back from the shorelines)

3 •  COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS: Mangrove Shoreline

4 •  COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS: Saline Marshes


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COASTAL UPLANDS:  Beaches and Dunes Plant Community
Plant Botanical NamePlant Common Name

Beach/Dune Canopy Trees
nonenone

Beach/Dune Understory Trees
Coccoloba uviferaSeagrapePHOTOS

Beach/Dune Shrubs
Caeslpinia bonducGray NickerbeanPHOTOS
Chrysobalanus icacoGreen CocoplumPHOTOS
Dodonaea viscosaVarnish leafPHOTOS
Erythrina herbaceaCoralbeanPHOTOS
Forestiera segregataFlorida privetPHOTOS
Gossypium hirsutumWild cottonPHOTOS
Ilex ambiguaSand hollyPHOTOS
Ilex vomitoriaYaupon hollyPHOTOS
Maytenus phyllanthoidesFlorida maytenPHOTOS
Myrcianthes fragransSimpson stopperPHOTOS
Randia aculeataWhite indigo berryPHOTOS
Scaevola plumieriInkberryPHOTOS
Serenoa repensSaw palmettoPHOTOS
Sophora tomentosa var. truncataNecklace podPHOTOS
Suriana maritimaBay cedarPHOTOS

Beach/Dune Groundcovers
Alternanthera flavescensYellow joyweedPHOTOS
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilusBushy bluestemPHOTOS
Blutaparon vermiculareSamphirePHOTOS
Cakile lanceolataCoastal searocketPHOTOS
Chamaesyce blodgetiiLimestone sandmatPHOTOS
Chamaesyce bombensisDixie sandmatPHOTOS
Chamaesyce mesembrianthemifoliaCoastal beach sandmatPHOTOS
Chrysobalanus icaco 'Horizontalis'Horizontal Cocoplum PHOTOS
Ernodea littoralisGolden creeperPHOTOS
Hydrocotyle bonariensisLargeleaf marshpennywortPHOTOS
Hymenocallis latifoliaSpider lilyPHOTOS
Ipomoea imperati [aka stolonifera]Beach morninggloryPHOTOS
Ipomoea pes-capraeRailroad vinePHOTOS
Iva imbricataBeach elderPHOTOS
Licania michauxii Gopher applePHOTOS
Muhlenbergia capillarisMuhly grassPHOTOS
Opuntia strictaPrickly-pear cactusPHOTOS
Panicum amarumBitter panicumPHOTOS
Paspalum vaginatumKnotgrassPHOTOS
Phyla nodiferaTurkey tangle fogfruitPHOTOS
Sesuvium portulacastrumSea purslanePHOTOS
Spartina patensMarsh hayPHOTOS
Sporobolus virginicusSeashore dropseedPHOTOS
Uniola paniculata Sea oatsPHOTOS
Zamia pumilaCoontiePHOTOS

Beach/Dune Vines
Canavalia maritimaBay beanPHOTOS
Cissus trifoliataMarinevinePHOTOS
Dalbergia ecastaphyllumCoinvinePHOTOS
Echites umbellataDevil's potatoPHOTOS
Ipomoea imperatiBeach Morning-gloryPHOTOS
Ipomoea indica var. acuminataOceanblue Morning-gloryPHOTOS
Ipomoea pes-capraeRailroad vinePHOTOS
Passiflora incarnataMaypopPHOTOS
Passiflora suberosaCorky-stem passion vinePHOTOS
Pentalinon luteumWild allamandaPHOTOS

Beach/Dune Wildflowers
Bidens albaBeggarticksPHOTOS
Borrichia frutescensBushy Seaside OxeyePHOTOS
Chamaecrista fasciculataPartridge peaPHOTOS
Coreopsis leavenworthiiTickseedPHOTOS
Eustoma exaltatumSeaside gentianPHOTOS
Flaveria linearisYellow topPHOTOS
Gaillardia pulchellaBlanket flowerPHOTOS
Helianthus debilis subsp. vestitusWest coast dune sunflowerPHOTOS
Heliotropium curassavicumSeaside HeliotropePHOTOS
Heterotheca subaxillarisCamphorweedPHOTOS
Hymenocallis latifoliaSpider lilyPHOTOS
Lantana involucrataButtonsagePHOTOS
Monarda punctataHorsemint PHOTOS
Oenothera humifusaSeaside evening primrosePHOTOS
Physalis angustifoliaCoastal ground cherryPHOTOS
Salvia coccineaTropical sagePHOTOS
Solidago sempervirensSeaside goldenrodPHOTOS
Stachytarpheta jamaicensisTrailing blue porterweedPHOTOS
Suaeda linearisSea blitePHOTOS

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COASTAL UPLANDS:  Maritime Forest Plant Community
Plant Botanical NamePlant Common Name

Maritime Forest Canopy Trees
Bursera simarubaGumbo-limboPHOTOS
Celtis laevigataSugarberryPHOTOS
Coccoloba uviferaSeagrapePHOTOS
Diospyros virginianaPersimmonPHOTOS
Ficus aureaGolden fig aka Strangler figPHOTOS
Ficus citrifoliaShortleaf figPHOTOS
Juniperus silicicolaRed cedarPHOTOS
Magnolia grandifloraSouthern magnoliaPHOTOS
Persea borboniaRedbayPHOTOS
Piscidia piscipulaJamaican dogwoodPHOTOS
Quercus geminataSand live oakPHOTOS
Quercus virginianaLive oakPHOTOS
Sabal PalmettoCabbage palmPHOTOS
Sideroxylon foetidissimumFalse masticPHOTOS

Maritime Forest Understory Trees
Conocarpus erectusGreen buttonwoodPHOTOS
Forestiera segregataFlorida privetPHOTOS
Ilex cassineDahoon hollyPHOTOS
Ilex opacaAmerican hollyPHOTOS
Laguncularia racemosaWhite mangrovePHOTOS
Osmanthus americanaDevilwood aka Wild olivePHOTOS
Quercus myrtifoliaMyrtle oakPHOTOS
Sideroxylon celastrinumSaffron plumPHOTOS
Zanthoxylum clava-herculesHercules clubPHOTOS
Zanthoxylum fagaraWild limePHOTOS

Maritime Forest Shrubs
Ardisia escallonioidesMarlberryPHOTOS
Callicarpa americanaBeautyberryPHOTOS
Capparis cynophallophoraJamaican capertreePHOTOS
Eugenia axillarisWhite stopperPHOTOS
Eugenia foetidaSpanish stopperPHOTOS
Forestiera segregataFlorida privetPHOTOS
Gossypium hirsutumWild cottonPHOTOS
Hamelia patensFirebushPHOTOS
Ilex ambiguaSand hollyPHOTOS
Ilex vomitoriaYaupon hollyPHOTOS
Myrcianthes fragransTwinberry aka Simpson stopperPHOTOS
Myrica ceriferaWax myrtlePHOTOS
Pithecellobium unguis-catiCat clawPHOTOS
Psychotria nervosaWild coffeePHOTOS
Rapanea punctataMyrsinePHOTOS
Serenoa repensSaw palmettoPHOTOS
Sideroxylon tenaxTough bumeliaPHOTOS
Vaccinium arboreaumSparkleberryPHOTOS

Maritime Forest Groundcovers
Zamia pumilaCoontiePHOTOS

Maritime Forest Vines
Chiococca albaSnowberryPHOTOS
Ipomoea albaMoonflowerPHOTOS
Ipomoea indica var. acuminataOceanblue Morning gloryPHOTOS
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia creeperPHOTOS
Vitis aestivalisSummer grapePHOTOS

Maritime Forest Wildflowers
Bidens albaBeggarticksPHOTOS
Chamaecrista fasciculataPartridge peaPHOTOS
Coreopsis leavenworthiiTickseedPHOTOS
Encyclia tampensisFlorida butterfly orchidPHOTOS
Gaillardia pulchellaBlanket flowerPHOTOS
Heliotropium angiospermumScorpiontailPHOTOS
Hymenocallis latifoliaSpider lilyPHOTOS
Monarda punctataHorsemint PHOTOS
Salvia coccineaTropical sagePHOTOS

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COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS:  Mangrove Shoreline Plant Community
Plant Botanical NamePlant Common Name

Mangrove Shoreline Canopy Trees
Avicennia germinansBlack mangrovePHOTOS
Conocarpus erectusGreen ButtonwoodPHOTOS
Laguncularia recemosaWhite mangrovePHOTOS
Rhizophora mangleRed mangrovePHOTOS

Mangrove Shoreline Understory Trees
nonenone

Mangrove Shoreline Shrubs
Acrostichum danaeifoliumLeather fernPHOTOS
Baccharis halimifoliaSaltbushPHOTOS
Lycium carolinianumChristmasberryPHOTOS
Maytenus phyllanthoidesFlorida maytenPHOTOS

Mangrove Shoreline Groundcovers
Batis maritimaSaltwortPHOTOS
Borrichia frutescensSea-oxeye daisyPHOTOS
Limonium carolinianumSea lavenderPHOTOS
Salicornia bigeloviiAnnual glasswortPHOTOS
Sarcocornia ambiguaPerennial glasswortPHOTOS

Mangrove Shoreline Vines
nonenone

Mangrove Shoreline Wildflowers
Encyclia tampensisFlorida butterfly orchidPHOTOS
Limonium carolinianumSea lavenderPHOTOS
Hymenocallis latifoliaSpider lilyPHOTOS

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COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS:  Saline marshes Plant Community
Plant Botanical NamePlant Common Name

Saline Marsh Canopy Trees
nonenone

Saline Marsh Understory Trees
nonenone

Saline Marsh Shrubs
Achrostichum danaeifoliumLeather fernPHOTOS
Baccharis halimifoliaSaltbushPHOTOS
Iva frutescensMarsh elderPHOTOS
Lycium carolinianumChristmasberryPHOTOS

Saline Marsh Groundcovers
Bacopa monnieriWater hyssopPHOTOS
Batis maritimaSaltwortPHOTOS
Cladium jamaicenseSawgrassPHOTOS
Cyperus odoratusSedgePHOTOS
Distichlis spicataSaltgrassPHOTOS
Eragrostis elliottiiElliott lovegrassPHOTOS
Fimbristylis spadiceaMarsh fimbryPHOTOS
Fuirena scirpoideaUmbrella sedgePHOTOS
Limonium carolinianumSea lavenderPHOTOS
Monanthochloe littoralisKeygrassPHOTOS
Paspalum vaginatumKnotgrassPHOTOS
Salicornia bigeloviiAnnual glasswortPHOTOS
Sarcocornia ambiguaPerennial glasswortPHOTOS
Scirpus tabernaemontaniSoft-stem bulrushPHOTOS
Sesuvium portulacastrumSea purslanePHOTOS
Spartina alternifloraSmooth cordgrassPHOTOS
Spartina bakeriSand cordgrassPHOTOS
Spartina patensMarsh hayPHOTOS
Sporobolus virginicusSeashore dropseedPHOTOS

Saline Marsh Vines
nonenone

Saline Marsh Wildflowers
Agalinis maritimaSaltmarsh false foxglovePHOTOS
Kosteletzkya virginicaSaltmarsh mallowPHOTOS
Solidago sempervirensSeaside goldenrodPHOTOS

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